||A paper recently published in American Antiquity incorporates course work conducted by undergraduate students during the 2013 Coastal Field Archaeology course here at BMSC.
The authors (including one of BMSC’s instructors, Nicole Smith) demonstrate how Northwest Coast First Nations cultivated clams in “clam gardens” to maintain and increase bivalve productivity in ancient mariculture activities. The survey and excavations of clam gardens in four locations in British Columbia (one location being near BMSC) provide insights into the ecological and social context, morphology, construction, and first reported ages of these clam gardens.
|The data demonstrate the extent of traditional maricultural systems among coastal First Nations and, coupled with previously collected information on terrestrial management, suggests that Northwest Coast peoples were actively enhancing and creating clam habitat and enhance bivalve production.
This is the first paper published from class work conducted by undergraduates in the 2013 Coastal Field Archaeology course.
Lepofsky et al. 2015. Ancient Shellfish Mariculture on the Northwest Coast of North America. American Antiquity, 80 (2), pp. 236-259
Are you interested in participating in such a course? If so, check out Historical Ecology & Coastal Archaeology, which is offered this summer (2016) at BMSC.